Andrew Jackson changed the presidency by shifting the base of political power from its stronghold in the east to the western frontier of Tennessee. Also, unlike previous presidents, he did not defer to Congress in policy making, but used his party leadership and presidential veto to maintain absolute power.Continue Reading
Andrew Jackson came to the presidency with the status of a war hero, having led his army to victory in the Battle of New Orleans in the closing moments of the War of 1812. In the presidential election of 1824, Jackson won the popular vote, but lost the presidency due to what he termed a corrupt bargain between Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams. In 1828, the newly formed Democratic Party nominated him again, and he won the election despite a campaign full of slurs and personal attacks on both sides. In 1832, Jackson was re-elected by a wide margin.
Jackson's two terms as president were marked by a number of major political battles. One was his opposition to a federal bank, then called the Bank of the United States, which he considered a monopoly. Another was the refusal of South Carolina to pay federal tariffs, which Jackson met by threatening to send federal troops into the state. His obduracy in meeting this challenge is credited with preserving and strengthening the Union. However, Jackson was a proponent of Indian removal, and signed a bill forcing Cherokees and other Native Americans to leave their ancestral lands in the East for far inferior lands in the West.Learn more about US History
Andrew Jackson was unsuccessful in his campaign for president in the election of 1824, losing to John Quincy Adams. However, Jackson ran for president again in the election of 1828 and won. Jackson served two terms in office and was succeeded by Martin Van Buren in 1837.Full Answer >
The people who benefited the most from Andrew Jackson's spoils system were loyal political supporters of Jackson. The spoils system refers to the fact that Jackson gave hundreds of federal jobs to his supporters in the first months of his presidency. In all, Jackson replaced over 900 federal employees. The term "spoils system" is derived from the statement "to the victor belong the spoils," spoken by William Marcy.Full Answer >
By most accounts, Andrew Jackson is considered by historians as a good president and highly influential. Jackson was the seventh president, serving two terms from 1829 to 1837.Full Answer >
Andrew Jackson's spoils system was a deliberate policy after he became president to remove federal employees he considered to be political opponents and replace them with his own supporters. The term justifying Jackson's policy was coined by New York Senator William Macy, who said, "To the victors belong the spoils."Full Answer >