Cultural, economical, religious and political contributions made by the ancient Roman empire hold strong in today's Western society. From engineering aqueducts to creating newspapers and implementing welfare, Roman contributions are as relevant today as they were when the empire fell more than 1,500 years ago.Continue Reading
Romans used their engineering skills to perfect the aqueduct, leading to public toilets and baths, a sewage system and fresh drinking water. The Romans also invented cement. However, the original recipe was lost, and the technique for making cement was only rediscovered in 1824.
Newspapers were also founded, and they addressed political, cultural and military occurrences. Originally, these newspapers were only available to a select few, until Julius Cesar ordered them to be available to the public.
The formation of the Roman Republic led way to modern democracy. The Republic was formed to limit dictatorship by distributing power through three government branches. The concept of the citizen was also born. While citizenship did not span across women or all social classes equally, citizens were allowed to vote, marry freeborn women and engage in commerce.
Romans are also responsible for the spread of Christianity. Roman emperor Constantine established Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire in the year 312. Prior religious beliefs required sacrifices to appease the gods. Christianity offered people the ability to have a one-on-one personal relationship with a single god.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Julius Caesar changed Rome in a number of significant ways, from conquering more lands and defeating invading armies in order to expand the Roman empire to quelling uprisings and relieving debt. He helped to turn Rome into a cultured and enlightened hub.Full Answer >
The fall of the Roman Empire plunged Europe into the Dark Ages and decentralized the region. The Imperial system in Rome was replaced with a loose-knit group of kings and princes throughout Europe.Full Answer >
The Julian calendar was created by Roman emperor Julius Caesar in 45 BCE and is still the calendar commonly used today. This calendar consists of 365 days in every year, with 366 days in a year every four years, with an extra day added on to February.Full Answer >
Some Roman innovations still in use today include paved roads, concrete, the Julian calendar and sewer systems. Many Roman inventions were necessitated by the empire's gigantic scale and population.Full Answer >