The colors of the Twelve Tribes of Israel are red; green; a striped red, white and black; sky blue; dark blue; clear; blue; purple; gray; aquamarine, black and lastly, a mixture of all colors. The colors derive from gemstones spoken of in Exodus and the Midrash, which states that each stone of the Twelve Tribes’ breastplate matched the flag’s background.Continue Reading
Corresponding gemstones spoken of in Exodus 28:17-21 are ruby, jade, agate, carbuncle, lapis lazuli, quartz crystal, turquoise, amethyst, aquamarine, onyx and opal, which contains many colors. According to Exodus 28:21, signet rings set with the stones represented each of the Twelve Tribes.
Twelve sons of Jacob became the leaders of the Twelve Tribes. Reuben, Levi, Simeon, Issachar, Judah and Zebulun were sons by Jacob’s wife, Leah. Benjamin and Joseph were sons by Jacob's wife, Rachel. Naphtali and Dan were sons by Rachel’s maid, Bilhah, and Asher and Gad were sons by Leah’s maid, Zilpah.
The Neo-Assyrian Empire deported 10 of the Tribes, when it conquered Israel around 722 B.C. Groups claiming descent are Bene Israel, Bnei Menashe, Beta Israel of Ethiopia, Igbo Jews and the Pashtuns. Other theories claim the Cimmerians or Scythians, Native Americans, the Japanese and the Lemba of South Africa were members of the lost tribes.Learn more about Ancient History
Facts about Israel can be found in numerous places online, including the website of the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, accessible at MFA.gov.il. The World Factbook, produced by the CIA, contains facts and figures about all of the nations in the world, including Israel, and can be accessed at CIA.gov.Full Answer >
On Nov. 29, 1947, the United Nations passed Resolution 181, creating the Jewish state of Israel in Palestine. Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948, by the head of the Jewish Agency, David Ben-Gurion. The United States recognized the establishment of Israel the very same day.Full Answer >
The nation of Israel is located in Asia on the western edge of the Middle East. Israel shares a border with Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, as well as the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba and Palestinian territories in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.Full Answer >
According to the CIA World Factbook, Israel is 8,019 square miles in area, and its population, as of a 2014 estimate, is 7,821,850. In size, Israel is comparable to the state of New Jersey.Full Answer >