Xanthorrhiza is a Civil War word that starts with the letter "x." Patented during the war, Xanthorrhiza is the pharmaceutical name for a natural medication created from the root of Xanthorrhiza apiifolia, also known as "yellow root" due to its distinctive coloring. Administered in powdered or liquid form with alcohol to mask its bitter taste, the tonic was used for the treatment of battlefield wounds, infections and injuries.Continue Reading
Out of the estimated 620,000 soldiers who lost their lives during the Civil War, approximately two-thirds died as a result of disease and not enemy fire. The need to fight disease and treat large numbers of wounded soldiers during the Civil War prompted improvements in American health care and ultimately lead to the modern era of medicine that began in the 20th century.
As the needs of the sick and injured spurred technological advances in health care, makeshift hospitals were replaced with pavilion and field hospitals. These updated, more-efficient hospital systems facilitated the keeping of medical records and reports, which helped spread knowledge and encourage beneficial treatments over bad practices. By the end of the war, thanks to clean, properly ventilated hospitals and improved medical treatment practices, the mortality rate for hospitalized patients was just 8 percent.Learn more about US History
The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate batteries shelled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. The Confederate commander at the scene was Pierre Gustave T. Beauregard, though his authority to fire on the fort had been granted by Jefferson Davis.Full Answer >
The Civil War spanned from 1861 to 1865. The war began with the first battle at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12th, 1861, and the final battle took place at Palmetto Ranch in Texas on May 13th, 1865.Full Answer >
The Civil War was a complex conflict stemming from myriad causes including slavery, trade, and federal structure, and as such it is a matter of opinion as to whether or not it was preventable. Many forces were in play at the war's outset and at the time many outcomes seemed possible.Full Answer >
The Civil War lasted for 4 years, from 1861 until 1865. The Civil War was fought all over the country from Pennsylvania to Texas and Florida.Full Answer >