The Scientific Revolution occurred between 1550 and 1700 A.D., thanks, in part, to Copernicus' heliocentric cosmos theory. Newton's Universal Laws and Mechanical Universe are considered the end of the Scientific Revolution.Continue Reading
While historians argue over the exact dates of the Scientific Revolution, most agree that the traditional interpretation of the period was based on a belief in the core transformation of cosmology and astronomy. These shifts effected physics and some historians claim the sciences of anatomy and physiology too.The main cause of this shift relied on Copernicus' discovery of a heliocentric cosmos in "De Revolutionibus."
Copernicus' heliocentric cosmos theory required proofs and new developments were necessary. New astronomical observations were discovered with Tycho Brahe, and theoretical changes concerning the planets' movements were associated with Johannes Kepler's new theories in physics regarding motion, paving the way for the likes of Galileo Galilei, Rene Descartes, Isaac Newton and Christiaan Huygens.
The implications of the Scientific Revolution were huge with Newtonian Synthesis arguing for an infinite, quantitative homogeneous universe instead of a finite, closed, hierarchical, qualitative universe. This change essentially meant that all things were one. One set of laws to govern one kind of matter in one kind of space. These views also questioned dominant theological thought and changed the way people understood their relationship to "God, Nature and Man."Learn more about Renaissance & Reformation
The Scientific Revolution in Europe lasted from 1550 to 1700, approximately from the lifetimes of Nicholas Copernicus to Sir Isaac Newton. The movement marked advances in science and mathematics after the Renaissance and after Leonardo da Vinci's death in 1519. Significant concepts from the Scientific Revolution include algebra, calculus, the heliocentric theory and planetary motion of heavenly bodies.Full Answer >
The Renaissance period began in the latter part of the 14th century in Florence; many historians cite April 6, 1341, as the beginning of the Italian Renaissance. On that date, the writer and philosopher Francesco Petrarch, the father of humanism, was crowned Italy's Poet Laureate.Full Answer >
Aristocratic gentlemen and the artists they sponsored were able to take advantage of the Renaissance's new directions in intellectual, political and artistic thought, while Renaissance women were usually passed from their father's household to their husbands as part of an arranged marriage. The Renaissance is popularly perceived as a rebirth of artistic and intellectual pursuits as well as a strong push for individual freedoms. Generally speaking, men enjoyed the political, social, intellectual and artistic freedoms of the Renaissance.Full Answer >
The Renaissance lasted from the late 13th to early 16th century and came about in part due to the Black Death, which intensified peasant uprisings. The savagery of the Ciompi revolts of Florence created an atmosphere of fear and hatred that encouraged the aristocracy to support princes and tyrants that promised to restore law. In 1453 the Ottomans conquered Constantinople, and Greek philosophers fled westward.Full Answer >