After the French and Indian War, Pontiac's Rebellion was ignited by growing tension between American Indians and the British government when the latter took control of lands and trade surrendered by the French. The indigenous tribes feared their lands and hunting grounds would be overrun by colonial settlers and reacted to increasing signs that the British government wouldn't be as compromising as the French.Continue Reading
The rebellion was organized in 1762 by Chief Pontiac, an Ottawa tribesman who appealed to tribal leaders from Mississippi to Lake Superior for support in resisting British control. Pontiac intended for each tribe to capture the closest fort and meet up to eliminate any remaining undefended settlements. Pontiac's military strategy resulted in eight forts being captured, and tribal forces were successful at wiping out many frontier settlements.
Pontiac's own forces were responsible for taking a fort in Detroit by pretending to pursue a treaty. The siege met with organized resistance when Major Henry Gladwin found out about the surprise attack and rallied troops before Pontiac arrived. However, Pontiac was still able to overtake the fort on July 31 at the Battle of Bloody Run until British reinforcements drove him to withdraw in late October. Pontiac's Rebellion lasted until July 1766 when Chief Pontiac settled a peace treaty with the British.Learn more about US History
Bacon's Rebellion was a conflict, which occurred in Jamestown, VA, some people believe to be the first act of colonial defiance leading up to the American Revolution. In 1676, Governor Sir William Berkeley was challenged by Nathaniel Bacon for political control of Jamestown. The conflict officially began when Bacon raided and attacked the local Indians.Full Answer >
Shays' Rebellion lasted for a little more than a year and ended with Shays' defeat by General Benjamin Lincoln's state militia. Although it was relatively short-lived, Shays' Rebellion played a key role in the formation of some of the most crucial legislation in the early United States. Even the Constitution was created in part because of Shays' Rebellion.Full Answer >
Shay's Rebellion convinced American politicians and citizens that the Articles of Confederation needed to be heavily revised. When lawmakers began to write the Constitution, Shay's Rebellion was cited during the debates that helped establish the document.Full Answer >
Daniel Shays was the symbolic leader of Shays' Rebellion, which was started as a protest by Massachusetts farmers against high taxes and prison sentences for debtors. Shays had been a captain in the Continental army prior to the American Revolution. In the autumn of 1786, a group of protesters known as the Regulators forced the closure of local courts in Springfield, Mass.Full Answer >