Among the notable people buried at Rome's Pantheon are painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, composer Arcangelo Corelli and architect Baldassare Peruzzi. Also buried there are two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I.Continue Reading
Raphael's fiancée, Maria Bibbiena, is also buried near his sarcophagus. She died before the two had a chance to marry. Pope Gregory XVI donated the sarcophagus with an epigraph written by poet Pietro Bembo.
Founded in 1878, the National Institute of Honour Guards to the Royal Tombs cares for the kings' tombs. Though Italy is no longer a monarchy, the guards still perform their maintenance duties.Learn more about Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome began in 509 B.C. when the Romans ousted their neighboring Etruscan conquerors and formed a republic, a system of government where citizens elect officials to represent them. Folklore states that two brothers, Romulus and Remus, the sons of Mars the God of war, were left to drown in a basket on the Tigris River but were saved by a she-wolf. The twins then went on to conquer the king in 753 B.C. and founded a new city on the river banks.Full Answer >
The first written law of Rome is called the Law of the Twelve Tables, or Lex XII Tabularum in Latin, and is dated between 451 and 450 B.C. The Twelve Tables were written by 10 commissioners, or decemvirs, at the insistence of the working class people, plebeians, who felt that their rights were being ignored by the upper class patricians.Full Answer >
Historians do not agree on a single cause for the fall of Rome. Instead, many factors, including barbarian aggression, divisions within the Empire, government corruption and a change in values and culture caused the Empire's downfall.Full Answer >
The location of Rome was significant because it gave the Romans access to trade routes. Also, Rome is central in the Italian peninsula, which made expansion easier, according to HowStuffWorks.com.Full Answer >