The major negative thing Andrew Jackson is remembered for is the forced relocation of many Native Americans, particularly in the southeastern portion of the United States. He also triggered an economic depression by refusing to renew the charter of the Second Bank of the United States and then instituting inflation-control policies that triggered a panic, but that was primarily blamed on his successor, Martin Van Buren.Continue Reading
In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which he had worked to push through Congress. This act allowed him to negotiate removal treaties with Native American tribes, whom the Supreme Court had ruled were not allowed to legally own their ancestral lands. Jackson believed that the Native Americans were inferior to white settlers and wanted to force them west of the Mississippi. He believed that the United States would not expand past that boundary, so the Native Americans could govern themselves.
The result was that many tribes were tricked or forced off their lands if they refused to go willingly, resulting in many deaths from skirmishes with soldiers as well as from starvation and disease. The Cherokee in particular were forced to undergo a forced march that became known as the Trail of Tears. They were forced off their land so quickly that they were not able to gather adequate supplies and over 4,000 Cherokees died from malnourishment and exposure. Jackson oversaw the removal of over 46,000 Native Americans from their lands.Learn more about US History
Andrew Jackson was known as a physically violent and short-tempered man who frequently resorted to combative solutions such as dueling to solve his problems, and as a result, there is no firm historical record on the exact number of duels this American president fought in his lifetime. However, there are a number of notorious dueling incidents that are part of the historical record, including a fatal fight in which Jackson killed a man named Charles Dickinson in 1806. Public slander against Jackson and his wife appears was likely the impetus for this fight, which left Jackson with a nonfatal gunshot wound to the chest and cost Dickinson his life.Full Answer >
President Andrew Jackson was not impeached; however, he was censured by the U.S. Senate in 1834. President Andrew Johnson was impeached by House of Representatives in February 1868. The Senate convened the impeachment trial against Johnson on March 5, 1868.Full Answer >
Andrew Jackson was a popular president in many ways, especially among white male landowners, but he was also a fierce proponent of Native American removal and relocation, making him a villain to some. Like most people, Andrew Jackson's character is difficult to pin down as being either all hero or all villain.Full Answer >
President Andrew Jackson opposed the Second Bank of the United States because he believed that it held too much power without accountability and that it was unconstitutional.Full Answer >