Anne Frank is important to history because her diary provides a first-hand account of a Jewish teen whose family went into hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands. On a tip from an unknown informant, the Germans arrested the family and transported them to a concentration camp. Anne, her mother and sister all died before Germany was defeated, but her father survived and published her diary.Continue Reading
The Frank family fled Germany after Anne's birth when Hitler became chancellor. They moved to Amsterdam, where they enjoyed freedom for several years until the Germans defeated the Dutch Army in May, 1940. In July, 1942, the Germans ordered Anne's older sister Margot to a Nazi work camp and the family went into hiding in the annex, a small space above her father's business. The family and a few friends remained in the safety of the annex for two years. During the time, Anne passed her time by writing in her diary.
After their arrest, the Germans shipped the Franks to Camp Westerbork in the Netherlands, and the women lost contact with Anne's father. Less than a month later, they were transferred to Auschwitz, a death camp in Poland. After several months, the Germans shipped the girls to Bergen-Belsen, but their mother remained at Auschwitz, where she died of starvation. Both the girls died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen.Learn more about World War 2
Anne Frank changed history through her diary, which not only enlightened the world to the suffering of the Jews during the Holocaust, but also showed the strength of the human spirit. Anne Frank's diary, published as the "Diary of a Young Girl," is one of the most popular books in the world.Full Answer >
Key moments in Anne Frank's life include her family's emigration from Germany in 1933, the family's decision to go into hiding in 1942, and her capture in 1944. After a brief stay in the Westerbork transit camp, Frank was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp, where she died in 1945.Full Answer >
Anne Frank and her sister Margot died of typhus in March 1945, during their imprisonment at Bergen-Belsen, a German work camp. They were interred in a mass burial along with other casualties of Bergen-Belsen.Full Answer >
As of 2014, no one has conclusively determined who betrayed Anne Frank. Two official inquiries by Amsterdam police have been performed, and substantial research and speculation has been done by Frank family biographers and historians as well. Several suspects have been named, but no suspicions have been proven.Full Answer >