Ancient Greek houses were usually small, with the rooms positioned along the sides of the house and a courtyard in the middle. This design helped the air to circulate and keep the temperature down during the hottest parts of the year.Continue Reading
Most Greek houses were modest in size, with only a few rooms surrounding a yard or walled garden. The side of the house facing the street usually only had one door, which led directly to the courtyard.
Bigger houses had dozens of rooms and more than one floor. These rooms included bathing rooms, a dining room and a kitchen. Bedrooms were located on the second floor. Often, men and women lived in different parts of the house. The men's rooms were known as the andron and the women's rooms were called the gynaikonitis. The dining rooms had couches and low tables on which the occupants reclined during meals.
Houses during this time were typically made of sun-hardened mud cut into bricks. Small windows were cut into the mud and adorned by plain wooden shutters that were closed during the afternoons to keep the temperatures down. The roofs were generally made of clay tiles. Because mud houses did not last long, the main source of knowledge about ancient Greek housing is texts from the period.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek actors wore masks to represent the various characters they played, to help them project their voices and to help people sitting in seats far from the stage have some sense of character expression.Full Answer >
The Ancient History Encyclopedia maintains that Ancient Greek people recited and orally passed down mythology to help explain the environment in which they lived and the nature of life on Earth. The word "myth" originally came from the Greek word "mythos," which means "speech or discourse." Later, the meaning of this word came to include fable and legend, suggesting fictionalization.Full Answer >
The Ancient Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope was famous due to his behavior of holding a lantern in the face of Greek citizens and telling them he was looking for an honest man. Plato called him a "mad Socrates," and he was a follower of Cynicism.Full Answer >
The Ancient Greeks spoke Ancient Greek with three different major dialects: Aeolic, Doric and Ionic. They were the first Europeans to both read and write with an alphabet. This alphabet eventually led to the development of all modern European languages.Full Answer >