Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.
The country of Greece occupies the peninsula that lies between the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. Surrounded by hills and mountains, the cities of ancient Greece nestled in the valleys of that land.
Ancient Greece was broken into many small regions, the people of each speaking their own dialect and having their own way of life. Because of this regional separation, conflicts between the peoples were a common factor in ancient Greek civilization. With a limited amount of arable land, the Greeks focused on building ships and were well-known for their magnificent pottery.