The 13 colonies on the American flag include Delaware, Pennsylvania, Georgia, New Jersey, South Carolina, Maryland, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, Connecticut, North Carolina, Massachusetts Bay and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. They were the states that originally declared themselves independent of England and the British crown.
The 13 colonies had been collaborating for a period of 22 years before finally declaring sovereignty in the year 1776. Upon this declaration, a new country was formed and named the United States of America. Formation of the new nation was relatively easy since all the colonies were governed by similar political structures.
The colonies greatly resisted British rule because they wanted more rights over their affairs. Another issue that formed a basis for resistance was taxation by British authorities, which was deemed unfair by locals. These colonies or states mostly thrived on agriculture with slaves being the main labor force on large scale plantations.
The colonies began fighting British forces in 1775 up to 1783 in a war that came to be known as the American Revolutionary War. One of the key figures in this war was George Washington, who was the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army and later became the first President of the United States.