When Was Rome Founded?

According to many sources in Roman history and mythology, the city was founded on April 21 in 753 B.C.E. The date corresponded to the festival for the Roman goddess Pales, who was the patron goddess of shepherds.

The legend of the founding of Rome involves twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, who were said to be sons of the god Mars and the priestess Rhea, the daughter of a deposed king in the region. The twins were orphaned in infancy and nursed by a wolf before being found and raised by shepherds. When Romulus and Remus grew up, they founded the city, but a dispute led to Romulus killing Remus and becoming the sole leader of Rome. Although this legend cannot be historically verified, archaeologists find the earliest evidence of Roman settlement to be from approximately 750 B.C.E, the date suggested by Rome’s foundation legend.