What Are the Physical Features of Venezuela?

Venezuela has four major physical features: the Maracaibo lowlands, the mountains that run along the western border of the country, the Orinoco plains and the Guiana highlands. The country has a number of rivers, lakes, forests and areas of land that are rich for farming and petroleum products as well.

The mountains that run along the western side of the country extend far into Colombia, which neighbors Venezuela to the west. The Orinoco plains are also home to a large stretch of heavily forested area as well as a large stretch of grasslands that eventually turn into the Guiana highlands that make up almost half of the country’s land area. Venezuela is about a third larger than the state of Texas and takes up most of the northern coast of South America.