Geography

A:

Many countries are hot throughout the year due to their location on or near the Earth's equator, which is where the sun's rays are the strongest. Some of these countries include Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Somalia, Indonesia, Ecuador, Colombia and Libya.

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    • What kind of animals live in Antarctica?

      Q: What kind of animals live in Antarctica?

      A: No animals live permanently in Antarctica; animals that live in the sea around Antarctica include fish, krill, penguins and a variety of seals. Most of these animals live permanently in the water because the land is too harsh and the temperatures are too cold.
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    • What animals live at the North Pole?

      Q: What animals live at the North Pole?

      A: Many animals live at the North Pole, commonly referred to as the Arctic region, including arctic foxes, arctic hares, Alaskan malamutes, polar bears, seals and beluga whales. Some animals live closer to the bottom of the Arctic region, like malamutes, while others live close to the physical North Pole like polar bears, seals and whales.
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    • Which continents does the Arctic Circle pass through?

      Q: Which continents does the Arctic Circle pass through?

      A: The Arctic Circle passes through three continents: Asia, Europe and North America. This includes eight countries: Russia, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, the United States (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland) and Iceland.
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    • Who owns Antarctica?

      Q: Who owns Antarctica?

      A: Antarctica is not owned by any country, per the Antarctic Treaty. Before the Antarctic Treaty was signed, seven countries claimed parts of the continent, including Australia, the United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, Norway, France and New Zealand. The treaty recognizes none of these claims.
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    • What are the names of some cities in Antarctica?

      Q: What are the names of some cities in Antarctica?

      A: There are no true cities on the continent of Antarctica; instead, there are approximately 24 research stations with populations ranging from 1,000 to 4,000 people. The research stations are designed for scientific studies only, and they do not support tourism.
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    • Who are the primary consumers of the tundra?

      Q: Who are the primary consumers of the tundra?

      A: The tundra's primary consumers are herbivores such as musk oxen, lemmings, caribou and arctic hares that consume grass, moss and lichen. These animals provide food for the secondary consumers, which are predators like arctic foxes and polar bears.
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    • What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

      Q: What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

      A: The cassowary is a large and somewhat strange-looking bird whose eggs range in color from bright, vivid green to a more mild blueish-hued green. Female cassowaries can lay as many as eight eggs per clutch, and these eggs can be more than 3 inches wide by 5 inches long. The male cassowary then incubates the eggs for about 50 days and cares for and protects the chicks for several months thereafter.
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    • Where is Sydney, Australia located?

      Q: Where is Sydney, Australia located?

      A: Sydney, Australia, is located in the state of New South Wales, which is on the country's southeast coast along the Tasman Sea. It is located to the east of the Blue Mountains, to the south of the Hawkesbury River and to the north of Royal National Park.
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    • Is Australia an island?

      Q: Is Australia an island?

      A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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    • What oceans border Australia?

      Q: What oceans border Australia?

      A: The Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean border Australia. The country also has a number of seas and other bodies of water that surround its shores.
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    • What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

      Q: What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

      A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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    • Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

      Q: Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

      A: The Australian national capital city of Canberra was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney, two of the nation's largest cities, over which location would serve as the nation's capital. Much like the District of Columbia in the United States, Canberra is a planned city that exists within its own sovereign territory and is not part of any Australian state.
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