What Are the Physical Features of Colombia?

Eli Duke/CC-BY-SA 2.0

The major geographical features of Colombia include the Magdalena River, Cauca River, Amazon River, Orinoco River, Santa Marta Mountains and the Andean mountain range, which is divided into three regions, namely the Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Central. The capital city of Bogota sits on an elevated plateau in the northern area of the Andes Peaks.

Colombia is the only South American nation to have coastal territories on both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Its general terrain is mountainous with snow-capped summits overlooking heavily forested areas and grasslands. Other physical features in Colombia are Baudo Mountains, Perija Mountains, Putumayo River and the Guiana Shield.