Where Is North America Located?

Joel Kramer/CC-BY 2.0

North America is a continent located in the Northern and Western Hemispheres, between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. It is the third largest continent in the world by area, covering 9,540,000 square miles and 16.5 percent of the land on Earth. The majority of North America lies below the Arctic Circle and above the Tropic of Cancer.

As of 2014, 23 countries are located in North America: The Bahamas, Belize, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Haiti, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, Jamaica, Dominica, Nicaragua, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Costa Rica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, Canada and the United States. In addition, nine territories, including Bermuda and Greenland, are located in this continent. The boundary between North America and South America is located at the Isthmus of Panama. North America’s highest point is Mount McKinley in Alaska, which reaches 20,322 feet. The lowest point is Death Valley in California, which is 282 feet below sea level.

North America’s population as of 2014 is 533,215,000, making it the fourth populous continent, after Asia, Africa and Europe. The most populous north American country is the United States, while the smallest in both area and population is Saint Kitts and Nevis. The most common languages spoken are English, Spanish and French.