What Are the Major Landforms in Germany?

Erin Brierley/CC-BY-SA 2.0

Germany’s major landforms include the Zugspitze peak of the Bavarian Alps, the Rhine and Danube rivers, and the Rugen and Usedom islands. The lowland plains are also landforms that are an important part of Germany’s landscape. They lie just north of Germany’s coastlines of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.

The Zugspitze peak is the highest of the Bavarian Alps, with an elevation of 10,000 feet. Woodlands are nestled between the mountain ranges surrounding the Swiss border. The Thuringian Forest is found here. Additionally, the Ore Mountains separate the Czech region from Germany, and the area is covered with the Bohemian Forest.

The inland Rhine River is the Germany’s longest river at 820 miles. It flows downward from the Swiss Alps to the North Sea. The Black Forest is where the Danube River begins. This river passes through 16 other countries, covering an 1,800 mile area.

Many barrier islands are just off the coast of Germany between the North Sea and the Waddenmeer waters. However, the Rugen and Usedom islands are the largest, and they separate Germany from the Pomeranian Bay.

Germany also boasts several large lakes, including the Muritz Lake, the Chiemsee in the Bavarian Alps and Lake Constance.