What Are Some Main Physical Features of Italy?

Some main physical features of Italy are the Alps, Apennines Mountain Range, Po River, Arno River, Tiber River, Lake Como, Mount Bianco, Po Valley, Mount Etna, Mount Vesuvius, Sicily and Sardinia. Italy is a country located on a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe. Its capital city is Rome.

Italy is surrounded by seas on three sides, with the Mediterranean, Ligurian and Tyrrhenian to the west and the Adriatic and Ionian to the south and east. Aside from the mountainous peninsula, Italy is comprised of approximately 70 islands, including Sardinia and Sicily. The volcano Mount Etna is located on Sicily and stands at 3,326 meters. As of 2014, it is an active volcano; however, it does not pose much threat to the residents on the island. Italy’s other major volcano, Mount Vesuvius, is located near Naples and as of 2014 lies dormant.

Italy has two major mountain ranges: the Alps and Apennines. The Apennines range runs north to south down the center of the country and is said to form the backbone of Italy. The Alps range lies along the northern region of Italy and is divided into three regions: Occidentali, Centrali and Orientali. Italy’s highest point is Mount Bianco, also known as Mont Blanc. This mountain is located in the Alps.

The Po River is Italy’s longest river. The Po Valley is considered the agricultural heartland of the country as well as one of southern Europe’s most industrialized areas. Other major rivers in Italy are the Tiber and Arno.