What Are the Five Themes of Geography in Mexico?

The five themes of geography in Mexico are location, place, human/environment interaction, movement and region. These are the characteristics that make Mexico different from anywhere else.

Mexico sits at the southern portion of North America and is bordered to the north by the United States, northwest by the Gulf of California, west by the Pacific Ocean, south by Guatemala and Belize, and east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Mexico has a highly varied topography that consists of rugged mountains with high elevations, deserts, high plateaus and low coastal plains. Mexico’s highest point is at 18,700 feet while its lowest is at minus 32 feet.

Mexicans use their land for growing corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes, beef, poultry, dairy and wood products. Coastal areas and lowlands are hot and steamy with high humidity, while the central plateau is temperate even in winter. Hurricane season begins in June and ends in November with most hurricanes taking place in August and October.

Mexico is a blending of European and indigenous people and culture. There are at least 50 different dialects spoken in Mexico. Even though nearly 75 percent of all Mexicans live in cities or towns, small villages are still scattered around the country. In many villages, there is Catholic church in the central square, surrounded by a few stores and government buildings and an open-air marketplace. In Mexico, there are now eight cities with a population over 500,000.