The temperature of the Arctic Ocean can reach 32 degrees F in the summer and -22 degrees F in the winter. A sheet of ice covers the ocean for much of the year, and from October to June, it is ice locked. The Arctic Ocean is the world's smallest major ocean.
The Arctic Ocean surrounds the North Pole and is bordered by north America, Greenland, Europe and Russia. It has an area of approximately 5,427,000 square miles. Since the Arctic Ocean is composed of saltwater, the temperature needs to be 28.8 degrees F for it to freeze. The Arctic Ocean has continuous daylight in the summer and continuous darkness during the winter months.