The southeast region of the United States contains the states of Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Tennessee and Virginia. Although they belong to the same group of southeastern states, there is quite a bit of variation in culture, demographics and history among the states that form the southeast region. Florida is the most populated of the southeastern states, followed by Georgia and North Carolina.
These states have individual personalities, but share some overlapping commonalities, such as climate, geographical features, history and culture. The southern region was settled by British colonists in the 17th century who established plantations that were populated with slaves from Africa. The ancestry of most southerners is predominantly British and African, although some have Scottish, Germanic, French and Arcadian roots as well. The southeastern region enjoys a relatively long growing season, which makes it a key producer of many types of crops, including cotton, soybeans, fruits and vegetables. With the increasing demand for technological goods, energy supplies and services, southerners responded by producing manufacturing and consumer goods such as machines, cars and paper products and by undertaking large-scale research operations. The southeast is also home to several prominent colleges and universities.