What Is Spatial Distribution in Geography?

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In geography, spatial distribution refers to how resources, activities, human demographics or features of the landscape are arranged across the surface of the Earth. It is the physical location of salient features of a place.

Spatial distribution is a core concept in geography. It is used to create maps and analyze relationships between the characteristic being studied and the general landscape. An example of a spatial distribution is the arrangement of bus stops on a mass transit map. The stops are arranged in lines that form patterns that correspond to the various routes of each bus. In this particular example, points on the map are used to indicate the spatial distribution of each stop, but it is not uncommon for color-coding or shading of wider areas to also be used. For example, police departments may color code entire blocks in a city to indicate that those blocks generally have higher or lower crime rates.