South Africa is famous for its former president, Nelson Mandela, Kruger National Park and a variety of gem stones and minerals. Approximately 50 percent of the world's gold reserves are located in South Africa. The country is also the third largest exporter of coal in the world, in addition to being one of the world's leading producers of diamonds. This includes the rare 25.5 carat blue diamond discovered in 2014.
Nelson Mandela, born Rolihlahla Mandela, was the president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was famous for his philanthropic and anti-apartheid revolutionary efforts in the nation. Nelson Mandela was also the nation's first black chief executive as well as the first executive to be elected in a democratic election that was fully representative.
Kruger National Park, established in 1898, is famous for being South Africa's oldest established wildlife park. It has the largest variety of wildlife in all of Africa, and is also known for being one of the best maintained parks in Africa as well. South Africa is also famous for its many large scale mining ventures. The country is the largest producer of chrome, manganese, platinum, vanadium and vermiculite, and the second-largest producer of ilmenite, palladium, rutile and zirconium.