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What are the seven important lines of latitude?

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Quick Answer

The seven important lines of latitude are the equator at 0 degrees, Tropic of Capricorn at 23.5 degrees south, Tropic of Cancer at 23.5 degrees north, Antarctic Circle at 66.5 degrees south, Arctic Circle at 66.5 degrees north, South Pole at 90 degrees south and North Pole at 90 degrees north. Latitude is an imaginary line that encircles the planet and runs parallel to the equator.

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Full Answer

Latitude is shown on a map as a line that stretches in an east to west direction. It refers to the angular distance of a particular point of reference, either north or south of the equator. Lines of latitude vary in length. The equator is around 24,901 miles long, while the Antarctic Circle is approximately 10,975 miles long.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is 23.5 degrees North latitude called?

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    The line of latitude at 23.5 degrees North is called the Tropic of Cancer. Its geographical significance lies in the fact that it marks the northernmost boundary of the tropics and the most northern point at which the sun's rays can be directly overhead at noon.

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  • Q:

    Where is the Tropic of Capricorn located?

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    The Tropic of Capricorn, also known as the Southern Tropic, is parallel to the equator and located at approximately 23.5 degrees south latitude. It is the southernmost latitude where the sun appears directly overhead, which is called the winter solstice.

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  • Q:

    What is the farthest point south on the Earth's surface?

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    The South Pole is the southernmost point on Earth's surface and is located in Antarctica at 90 degrees south latitude. Due to the extreme location of the South Pole, the sun shines 24 hours per day during the summer and is never visible during the winter.

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  • Q:

    What is the temperate climate zone?

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    The temperate climate zone is located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere. Areas with a temperate climate generally have warm summers, cold winters and moderate springs and summers. They do not have extremes in temperature or precipitation.

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