What Are the Physical Features of Sweden?

The physical features of Sweden include a tilted plateau, mountains, eskers and moraines and rocky uplands. Sweden also contains many water features including rivers and lakes.

Sweden has three physical regions. The first is Norrland, located in the north, and it contains the physical features of plateaus and mountains. The western side of the plateau is bordered by the Kjolen mountain range. The highest point is Kebnekaise at 6,900 feet tall. The eastern end of the plateau is carved into river valleys.

The second region is the southwest side of the country called Svealand. The physical features in Svealand includes the western coast, lakes, eskers and moraines. The western coast lies along the Baltic Sea. The most dominant physical features are eskers, moraines and lake beds, all of which have been carved from the land by glaciers. The glaciers carved out the lake beds and deposited the gravel and soil into ridges called eskers and moraines.

The third region is Gotaland and lies in the southeast part of the country. The physical features of this region are rocky upland areas and fertile plains. Sweden’s east coast has low, fertile plains, which rise to rocky, more rugged areas. The highest point of Gotaland is 1,200 feet above sea level.