The physical features of South Korea include mountains, forests, islands, rivers and coastal lowlands. The region is dominated by the Taebaek Mountains, and the coastal lowlands comprise 30 percent of the country's area. Forests cover more than 65 percent of the country.
South Korea is located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula in east Asia. It shares a border with the Sea of Japan to its east, the Korea Strait to its south, the Yellow Sea to its west and North Korea to its north. The capital, Seoul, is located in the northern part of the country.
South Korea has coastal plains in its west and south, but the eastern portion of the country is primarily mountainous. the highest point is Mount Halla-san, which reaches 6,398 feet and is located on Cheju Island. Many of South Korea's forests were depleted during World War II, but due to a strong reforestation program, the country has gained back much of them.
Thousands of islands are found along South Korea's coastal plain. Between these islands are a series of narrow channels. Several major rivers are also located here, including the Naktong, Han and Kum rivers. South Korea's climate is temperate, with cold winters and warm summers. The country can experience heavy rainfall during the summer months.