Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city. New South Wales, where Sydney is located, is Australia's oldest state and was founded in 1788 by Captain John Phillips as a penal colony at Port Jackson. Over a third of Australia's entire population resides in New South Wales, according to About.com.
One can visit the Rocks District in Sydney Cove, which is where Captain John Phillips founded the settlement. Other historical sites, colonial-style restaurants, markets, specialist shops and street entertainment are within the Rocks District. The Circular Quay and the Museum of Contemporary Art are also nearby. While in Sydney, one can also visit the Sydney Aquarium, beaches, the Australian National Maritime Museum, the Chinese Garden, Darling Harbour and many other places.