The New Jersey Plan was a proposed government for the United States developed by William Paterson in 1787. The smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan presented by James Madison because they feared that it would allow the more populous states to dominate the government. The New Jersey Plan was rejected by the Constitutional Convention, though some of its ideas were incorporated into the Constitution.Continue Reading
Under the New Jersey Plan, the federal government had a unicameral legislature, rather than the bicameral legislature proposed by Madison. Each state had a single vote in the Congress to prevent larger states from gaining too much power. Congress was given the power to raise taxes and levy tariffs, and federal laws were supreme over state laws.
Instead of electing a single person to serve as head of the executive branch, Congress elected an executive council to a single four-year term. The governors of the states could petition Congress to recall members of the council. Judges were appointed to lifetime terms by the executive council.
The Constitutional Convention rejected the New Jersey Plan but used some of its ideas in the final draft of the Constitution. While the members of the House of Representatives were allocated by population, each state had equal representation in the Senate.Learn more about The Northeast
The territory that became New Jersey was first explored in 1609 by Henry Hudson, who claimed the land for the Dutch and named it "New Netherlands." The first permanent settlement was the town of Bergen, which was founded in 1660.Full Answer >
The colony of New Jersey was founded by Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley in 1664. New Jersey was named after the English island Isle of Jersey. Berkeley was given charge of the west side of the colony while Carteret was in charge of the east side.Full Answer >
The New Jersey colony had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. New Jersey, along with the other Middle Colonies of New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, had less severe winters than the New England colonies and cooler summers than the Southern colonies. The climate, combined with fertile soil and the general geography, made New Jersey ideal for farming.Full Answer >
The capital of New Jersey is Trenton, located in the western-central part of state in Mercer County. Trenton rests along the Delaware River, just more than 60 miles from New York City. As of 2014, the city has a population of about 85,000, making it the seventh-largest in the state.Full Answer >