The Ruwenzori Range, Atlas Mountains, Virunga Mountains and Aïr Massif are mountain ranges in Africa. The Ruwenzori Range stretches roughly 80 miles along the north-south border of Uganda and Congo. Small lakes, river valleys and glaciers have formed between the towering snow peaks, carrying water to the Semliki River. The tallest section is Mount Stanley, which peaks at 5,119 meters.Continue Reading
The Atlas Mountains are located near the northwest coast of Africa, extending about 1,200 miles through Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria. The northeastern section, or Tell Atlas, lies close to the Mediterranean Sea and was slowly formed inside a sedimentary basin from folded layers of rock deposits. The lower Saharan Atlas is bordered by desert and contains plateaus, so it was likely formed when plate movement pushed the rock formations upward. The High Atlas in Morocco contains the uppermost peak -- the 13,665-foot tall Mount Toubkal.
The Virunga Mountains are a 50-mile volcanic range on the border of Uganda, Congo and Rwanda. Karisimbi is the highest of eight major peaks, standing 14,787 feet tall, while Nyamulagira and Nyiragongo are the only active volcanoes. Virunga is well-known as a conservation site for mountain gorillas and other wildlife, and its plateaus are heavily populated by farmers.
Aïr Massif is a Saharan range located in Niger. The granite formations reach higher than 6,000 feet and are home to hot springs and ancient rock carvings. The range is mined for important minerals, such as uranium, and its vegetative valleys provide grazing land for livestock.Learn more about Africa
The longest mountain range in Africa is the Atlas Mountain system. The mountain range spans a length of around 1,500 miles from the southwestern region of Morocco towards Algeria, before ending on the eastern Tunisian boundary.Full Answer >
Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.Full Answer >
Portions of the large continent of Africa sit in each of the four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western. While most of the continents are spread across more than one hemisphere, Africa is the only one to encompass all four.Full Answer >
Africa is the second largest among the seven traditionally recognized continents in the world, which include Asia, South America, North America, Antarctica, Australia and Europe. As of 2015, Africa is also the second most populous continent.Full Answer >