There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major territories include French Guiana, the Falkland Islands and the Galapagos Islands.
South America is the fourth largest continent in the world. It contains the world's largest river and rain forest. The world's longest mountain range is located in South America.
South America is 6.9 million square miles and has a population of more than 385 million people. Brazil is the largest country on the continent and had a population over 210 million.