End to end, from north to south, Japan stretches for 3,000 kilometers, consisting of a series of islands. The country's total land area is 377,954 square kilometers, which is only slightly smaller than California.
The majority of Japan is mountainous, with plains and basins making up the remaining area. Its four main islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, and its capital is Tokyo. Japan sustains a diverse marine ecosystem as it is surrounded by sea. Another feature of Japan is the extreme temperatures in the far north and south. As an example, during March in Japan, people can ski in the north and sunbathe in the south.