Cuba is the largest island in the West Indies, better known as the Caribbean. The West Indies comprise the island groups of the Bahamas, Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles. Cuba, part of the Greater Antilles, comprises a total area over 42,000 square miles, slightly smaller than the state of Pennsylvania.
Cuba is situated between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately 90 miles from the southernmost point of the United States. The capital and largest city of Cuba is Havana. Cuba has a population exceeding 11 million people, as of 2014, making it the 78th most populated country in the world. Cuba has a tropical climate with temperatures averaging around 70 degrees Fahrenheit in January and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in July.