There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Continue Reading
The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth. The hottest temperature ever recorded on the planet, 136 degrees Fahrenheit, was taken in the Sahara. It covers 25 percent of Africa and is mostly made up of sand dunes up to 1,000-feet tall and gravely barren plains. Africa has few tall mountains, but some are found in the Ethiopian Highlands. The Great Rift Valley, caused by the upward surge of a vast monolithic dome that split, is located there.
Almost half of Africa is grassland, or savanna. The Serengeti plains cover over 11,500 square miles and contain some of Africa's most iconic wildlife, including zebras, elephants, lions and giraffes. The highest ratio of wildlife to area, however, is found within Africa's rain forests located in central Africa along the Congo River basin. Over 80 percent of Africa's original rain forests have been destroyed, though, due to increased or poorly planned agriculture, forestry and development.Learn more about Africa
There are 54 fully recognized states in Africa. Africa is the second-largest continent in both size and population. It measures 11.7 million square miles and is home to 1.1 billion citizens.Full Answer >
The largest country in Africa is Algeria. This country has an area of 919,595 square miles or 2,381,740 square kilometers. Algeria is located is northern Africa and borders Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Western Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea. It is also the tenth largest country in the world.Full Answer >
During the middle of the 19th century, Africa was referred to as the "Dark Continent," because little was known about the mysterious land itself. The term "Dark Continent" was most likely used for the first time by United States explorer and journalist Henry Stanley.Full Answer >
A known 157 active volcanoes exist in Africa. The vast majority of these volcanoes sit on the continent's east coast, including the 59 active volcanoes found in Ethiopia. The volcanoes exist because of a splitting between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, which is actually pulling the continent apart.Full Answer >