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What is the importance of the Taj Mahal?

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Appearing in several lists of world wonders, the Taj Mahal is not only one of the largest tourist attractions in India, it is also the most well-known example of Mughal architecture. Sometimes described as "the most famous tomb in the world," it reflects the pride and identity of Indian Muslims as an example of the achievements of the age of Mughal rule, a period of progress and stability considered a high point in India's cultural history. According to UNESCO, the tomb is recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India."

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What is the importance of the Taj Mahal?
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The tomb, which is taller than a modern 20-story building, was completed around 1653 after more than two decades of construction work. It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in childbirth in 1631. The Taj Mahal's design incorporates elements of Islamic, Turkish, Persian and Indian architecture. The white marble of the structure takes on subtle variations of tint and tone at different times of the day. Pollution, however, has been yellowing the white marble and the Indian government has enforced a 4,000-square-mile area, the Taj Trapezium Zone, around the structure with strict emissions standards. Located in the city of Agra, on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, the Taj Mahal was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

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  • Q:

    What are the dimensions of the Taj Mahal?

    A:

    The Taj Mahal in Agra, India, which is taller than a 20-story building, is part of a complex of structures set within an elaborate garden, which measures 1,050 by 984 feet. The height of the main domed structure is 240 feet, and its interior walls are 82 feet high. Four minarets, about 130 feet in height, surround the main structure.

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  • Q:

    Why did Shah Jahan build the Taj Mahal?

    A:

    Mughal emperor Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal from 1632 until 1654 as a monument and mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal. In 2005, former Indian Bharatiya Janata Party official Vinay Katiyar claimed the building was a Hindu temple to Shiva built by Raja Jai Singh, and that the mausoleum is called Tejo Mai Mahal. The party quickly distanced itself from Katiyar's controversial claim.

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  • Q:

    In which city is the Taj Mahal located?

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    The Taj Mahal is located in Agra, which is in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653. Agra is located near the Indian capital city of New Delhi.

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  • Q:

    In what country is the Taj Mahal located?

    A:

    The Taj Mahal, a marble, palace-like mausoleum, is located in the country India. It is in the city of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

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