Iceland is called the "Land of Fire and Ice" because it is a country of extremes, with glaciers and volcanic springs located next to each other. Iceland is a small island country located near the Arctic Circle, between Greenland and the European mainland. It has several active volcanoes, including Eyjafjallajokull, Reykjanes and Askja.
Due to its northern location, more land in Iceland is covered by glaciers than in all of Europe. Its capital, Reykjavik, is the world's most northern capital. The country generally experiences volcanic eruptions twice every decade, which adds more lava to the landscape. Europe's largest waterfall, Gullfoss, is also located in Iceland.