What Are Some Hispanic Countries?

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Hispanic countries include Spain, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Puerto Rico. The United States Census Bureau uses the word “Hispanic” for people of “Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South (except for Brazil) or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.”

In Spain itself, 74 percent officially speak Spanish, 17 percent speak Catalan, 7 percent speak Galician and 2 percent speak Basque. In Mexico, 92.7 percent of the population speak Spanish, 5.7 percent speak Spanish along with another language and 0.8 percent speak minor languages. Native language speakers also total 0.8 percent; native languages include Zapotec, Mixtec, Mayan, Nahuatl and Purèpecha.

In Guatemala, 59.4 percent speak Spanish and 40.5 percent speak one of the 23 native languages, which include Xinca, Kekchi, Kakchiquel, Garifuna and Mam. In Nicaragua, 97.5 percent of the population speak Spanish, while 1.7 percent speak Miskito.

Colombia has Spanish as the official language, but the country includes 68 dialects and ethnic languages. The official language of the Colombian islands of Providencia, San Andrés and Santa Catalina is English. In the United States, 79.4 percent speak English and 12.8 percent speak Spanish.