Hispanic countries include Spain, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Puerto Rico. The United States Census Bureau uses the word "Hispanic" for people of "Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South (except for Brazil) or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race."Continue Reading
In Spain itself, 74 percent officially speak Spanish, 17 percent speak Catalan, 7 percent speak Galician and 2 percent speak Basque. In Mexico, 92.7 percent of the population speak Spanish, 5.7 percent speak Spanish along with another language and 0.8 percent speak minor languages. Native language speakers also total 0.8 percent; native languages include Zapotec, Mixtec, Mayan, Nahuatl and Purèpecha.
In Guatemala, 59.4 percent speak Spanish and 40.5 percent speak one of the 23 native languages, which include Xinca, Kekchi, Kakchiquel, Garifuna and Mam. In Nicaragua, 97.5 percent of the population speak Spanish, while 1.7 percent speak Miskito.
Colombia has Spanish as the official language, but the country includes 68 dialects and ethnic languages. The official language of the Colombian islands of Providencia, San Andrés and Santa Catalina is English. In the United States, 79.4 percent speak English and 12.8 percent speak Spanish.Learn more about Central America
The biggest impact of the Latin American Wars for Independence was freedom from Spanish rule and national sovereignty for former Spanish colonies in Latin America, including the countries now known as Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Argentina, Paraguay, Chile, Uruguay and Peru. These wars for independence were mostly independent efforts fought through separate revolutionary movements in each individual Latin American Spanish territory, though they were part of a global spirit of revolution that had taken hold in the United States and in European nations such as France in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. These revolutionary efforts were successful in part due to the weakening of Spanish central authority in the wake of France invading Spain in 1808.Full Answer >
Brazil is the largest country on the continent of South America, which also includes the countries of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. Three territories are also considered part of the South American continent: the Galapagos Islands, the Falkland Islands and French Guiana.Full Answer >
Red-eyed tree frogs live as far north as southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca in Mexico, throughout the Central American countries of Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and as far south as the Caribbean coast of northern Columbia. They inhabit tropical forests near freshwater ponds, rivers and other bodies of water from sea level up to almost 4,000 feet.Full Answer >
Some of the poorest countries in Central America include Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. According to Forbes, as of December 2013, Nicaragua is the poorest country in Central America and the second poorest in the entire Western Hemisphere after Haiti.Full Answer >