The Himalayas span across the northeastern part of India, passing through the countries of Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, Afghanistan and China. The Himalayan range covers about 1,500 miles, and consists of three parallel ranges commonly referred to as the Lesser Himalayas, the Greater Himalayas and the Outer Himalayas.
The climate of the Himalayas is diverse, differing greatly depending the region and elevation. It can be rainy and tropical at its lowest elevations, and icy and snowy at its highest elevations. Eco-regions found in the Himalayas include mixed forests and temperate broadleaf forests, shrublands, sub-tropical and tropical broadleaf forests and montane grasslands. The Himalayan mountain range contains the tallest mountain peak in the world, Mount Everest, which stands at 29,029 feet tall.