Hawaii is known for being the only state that grows its own coffee, having the world's most isolated population center and as the home of Mauna Loa, the world's largest volcano. Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States on Aug. 21, 1959.
Hawaii is the only state composed entirely of islands formed by volcanic activity in the Pacific Ocean. The main islands include Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island. There are three active volcanoes on Hawaii's Big Island: Mauna Loa, Kilauea and Loihi. Both Mauna Loa and Kilauea are found on the Big Island proper, while Loihi is an undersea volcano located south of the Big Island. The other two active volcanoes in the Hawaiian island chain are Haleakala and Hualalai.
The Hawaiian alphabet is composed of only 13 letters. This limited number of letters means that Hawaiian words often have multiple meanings and can be unusually long, especially when compared to the English language. For example, "aloha" is a Hawaiian word that has several different meanings, including "hello," "goodbye" and "love." As an example of an unusually long word, the state fish of Hawaii is humuhumunukunukuapua', a reef triggerfish often referred to as "humuhumu."