The geography of colonial Georgia was one of hilly plains on the coast and forests inland. The colony's main cash crops were indigo and rice as well as cotton for weaving. The Georgia colony was established in 1732.
The Georgia colony was the last of the original 13 colonies to be established. It was founded by James Oglethope and was named for King George II. The colony was established as a place where the poor could start new lives.
Colonial Georgia experienced hot and humid summers and warm temperatures throughout the year. The climate and geography made it possible for colonists to grow major crops and establish plantations. In addition, the inland forests provided timber to the colonists.