The study of geography seeks to gain a better understanding of the interactions, causes and effects occurring between people and their environment. In this way, the study of geography can improve the quality of life, increase productivity and help prevent natural and man-made disasters.
Human-environment interaction is a significant factor in how geography affects the economic lives and welfare of local populations. The effect that people have on their environment and natural resources, if not fully understood, can lead to both short-term and long-term negative consequences.
The study of geography can be divided broadly into two disciplines. The first discipline is human geography, which is concerned with how people manage and influence their environment. The second discipline is physical geography, which studies the natural environment and how organisms adapt and grow within the constraints and advantages of regional landforms, climate, soil and water.