Greece is bordered by four countries: Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. To the west, Greece is bordered by the Ionian Sea, and to the east is the Aegean Sea.
Greece is located in Southern Europe and makes up the majority of the Balkan Peninsula. It is made up of a large mainland called the Peloponnese and a number of islands, such as Crete, Rhodes, Dodecanese, Corfu and the Cyclades.
Greece is subject to a variety of different climates: a Mediterranean climate, which consists of moderate winters and hot summers; an alpine climate, found primarily in Western Greece; and a temperate climate, which consists of harsh winters and summers.