What Are Some Examples of Geographical Features?

Moutain Credit: Simon/Pixabay

Earth’s most significant features are some of the landmarks you can see in various locations around the world. Many of them are geographical features, which include natural parts of the planet. You can also include artificial geographical features, which are those that are made by humans. The natural geographical features are visible in two groups: biomes, which are sometimes called ecosystems, and landforms.


Biomes consists of all the living and nonliving features that make up a community. Biomes include plants, animals, and even the climate. Biomes can also be ecosystems, the entire scope of living things in the environment. All the things that live in a biome share some common traits. The creatures and plants may have had to adapt over time to thrive in the environments.

Examples of Biomes

The desert is one example of a biome. The desert is typically hot, arid, and dry. This means that all the animals and plants that live in the desert must adapt to these conditions. Many of them do not need much water to thrive in the dry conditions.

Oceans are another example of biomes. Oceans contain all sorts of animals and flora that are suited to live in this kind of environment. Whales, sharks, and seaweed are all part of the ocean biome.

Yet another example of a biome is the arctic region. Anything that can live in this region must be able to live in very cold conditions thanks to the intense snow and chill.


Landforms are features of the world that occur naturally. They can help create a biome because they help define the area. Landforms depend on the type of terrain surrounding the area. They can be large or small, and they can encompass large sections of a biome.

Examples of Landforms

Landforms include bodies of water. A stream or river that runs through a plain would also be a landform. While the sea also creates a biome, it can also be a type of landform. In fact, the ocean is the most common landform in the world because the terrain covers the majority of Earth’s surface.

Hills and mountains are also landforms. Those hills and mountains can contain landforms known as plateaus. A plateau is flat land that exists at the top of the mountain or hill. Another kind of landform, a valley, can fit between mountains. On the land, the plains make up the biggest landform. Plains encompass more than half of Earth’s land.

A glacier is also a landform. It may be tricky to consider a glacier a landform because it can melt or float away.

Artificial Geographical Features

Some geographical features are made by humans, and some people may not necessarily consider them to be real geographical features. Artificial features include anything that a person has made.

Railroad tracks, roads, and other tools for transportation are all human-made features. Other structures, like buildings and bridges, also fit into the same category. While these are not natural geographical features, some of these structures are still admirable.