What Are Some European Landforms?

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Some major landforms of Europe include the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Danube River and Northern European Lowlands. The landforms that create the boundary between Europe and Asia include the Bosporus, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River.

Major mountain ranges in Europe include the Carpathian Mountains, Pyrenees, Scandinavian Mountains, Apennines, Cantabrian Mountains, Dinaric Alps, Scottish Highlands and Balkan mountains. The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus, a mountian in the Caucasus with a height of 18,510 feet above sea level.

Important rivers in Europe include Dnieper, Don, Pechora, Kama, Rhine, Elbe, Loire, Rhone, Seine, Po and Thames. The longest river is the Volga, with a path of 2,290 miles. The Danube is the second longest and has a path that’s 1,780 miles long. The third longest is the Ural at 1,509 miles.

The Scandinavian Peninsula is located in Northern Europe and covers the area composed of Sweden, Norway and parts of Finland. The Italian Peninsula contains Italy, while the Balkan Peninsula is home to Turkey, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Macedonia. Major islands that are part of Europe include Iceland, Crete, the Aegean Islands, Ireland, Great Britain, the Faroe Islands, Sicily, Malta, Sardinia and Corsica.