Egypt rests in Northern Africa, situated between the Libya and the Gaza Strip and sharing borders with the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt belongs to the African continent, but like many Northern African nations, bears strong cultural resemblance to many Middle Eastern nations. Egypt boasts a distinct history and serves as home to many iconic features, including ancient pyramids and the Nile River.Continue Reading
Egypt features a desert climate with hot and dry summers and mild winters yielding little precipitation. Approximately 1 inch of rain falls in Egypt during the year, but the Nile River brings water to communities and farms across Egypt, carrying a constant supply from its source waters, located in Ethiopia. Unlike most rivers, the Nile flows from south to north. This backwards flow divides Egypt into two parts: Upper Egypt, which covers the southern portion of the country and Lower Egypt, which contains Egypt's northern half.
Its geography and topography make Egypt similar to other African nations, but its distinct population sets the nation apart. Most Egyptians identify as Muslims, similar to populations in the Middle East. Egypt classifies as a democratic republic, although it experiences political turmoil. Egypt contains many natural resources, including oil, zinc, phosphate and other minerals, but tourism brings most of its income.Learn more about Africa
Major geographical landmarks on maps of Egypt and Israel include the Negev Desert, the Great Rift Valley, the Sinai Peninsula, the Arabian Desert and the Red Sea Mountains. Some of the water landmarks are the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Dead Sea, the Jordan River and the Nile River.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the United Nations designates the geographical region of North Africa as consisting of seven countries: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia and Western Sahara. These countries make up the territory north of the Sahara desert. Sudan was a larger country until 2011, when South Sudan became a separate independent country.Full Answer >
The natural barriers that protected Egypt from invasion were the Mediterranean Sea that borders the country to the north, the numerous rapids and waterfalls, known as cataracts, that formed the upper southern section of the Nile river, the expansive deserts to the east and west, and the massive Sahara Desert to the south. The river valley civilization of Egypt coexisted with the ancient Mesopotamian civilization.Full Answer >
Located near the Nile River and the Pyramids of Giza, Cairo, Egypt, is in the northern part of the country, about 100 miles from the Mediterranean Sea and 75 miles from the Suez Canal. Its rapid growth since 1952 means much of its infrastructure and roads are new.Full Answer >