The primary difference between Sparta and Athens is their differing systems of government. Sparta is considered an oligarchy, meaning ruled by the few, while Athens is believed by historians to have been a democracy. The ancient Greek word "oligos" translates as "few," and "archia" translates as "rule." Thus, the "rule by the few" is what distinguishes Sparta from Athens.Continue Reading
Government rule in Sparta by kings and politicians--known as "Ephors--differs from Athens' rule by the people, who gathered in the general assembly to express an opinion or to vote.
The ancient Greeks are of two different lineages. Spartans evolved from the Dorian invaders, and the Athenian people are of the Ionian bloodlines. Spartans are remembered for their strong army and brave soldiers. Athenian citizens are known for being architects, art patrons and great lovers of poetry and beauty.
Discipline, order and responsibility distinguish Spartan men and women. For Athenian citizens, excess is the key word. Drinking, gorging and feasting--for men and women--were primary and frequent. Additionally, many historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy and the origin of the modern political assembly.
Spartan, moreover, is still used today to describe someone or some environment, that is minimal or meager.Learn more about Greece
Athens, the capital of Greece, is famous for its art and architecture, prominent thinkers, the Acropolis, the original Olympic Games and democracy. The ancient city-state of Athens derived its name from the Greek goddess of wisdom, Athena, who the people considered the patron of the city.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the estimated population of Athens, Greece, is 665,000. This number is a drop of over 100,000 residents since 2004, when the population was 796,400. The city's population decline is attributed to its aging residents and the poor economic outlook in the country.Full Answer >
Athens, Greece, had an estimated population of over 3.4 million people as of 2011. Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece and is located near the eastern coast of central Greece. Greece is estimated to have a total population of almost 10.8 million people as of 2014.Full Answer >
While the question of whether Sparta was better than Athens is slightly subjective, it's possible to consider Athens inferior because it fell victim to the temptation of becoming an exploitative imperial power. By contrast, Sparta led an alliance commonly seen as relieving other Greek states of the burden of Athenian hegemony.Full Answer >