Russian political leader Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik party, condemned the provisional government hastily established after the fall of the Russian monarchy and promoted an ideology of universal socialism. According to About.com expert Jennifer Rosenberg, Lenin was the driving force behind the violent uprising that began in October 1917 and resulted in the eventual formation of the Soviet Union.Continue Reading
The first acts of Lenin's Bolshevik Revolution included seizure of rail lines, banks, post offices and strategically advantageous bridges. The Bolsheviks also commandeered telegraph offices and equipment. By the end of the second day, the minimally violent coup ended with the Bolsheviks in control of Russia.
Lenin promised that Bolshevik leadership would provide plentiful food, shelter and money for all Russians, but this did not occur. Soldiers returning from the First World War learned that private land had been seized, jobs were non-existent and farmers were growing just enough food to feed their families. Unrest and frustration quickly boiled over, and civil war erupted in the summer of 1918.
Two months into the Civil War, Lenin launched the Red Terror. This initiative included terrorist tactics such as dissenter abductions, assassinations of purportedly disloyal government officials and other actions designed to quash disobedience and rebellion. United Press International reveals that the victims of the Red Terror were often buried in large, unmarked mass graves.Learn more about Russia
Vladimir Lenin led the Russian Bolsheviks in a successful takeover of the provisional government that had been created when Nicholas II abdicated the throne a few months earlier in the face of mass protests and riots against his rule. Known as the "October Revolution," the 1917 change of government that occurred when Lenin and the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace on the night of October 26 led to the creation of the first socialist state with Lenin as its head. Lenin went on to survive two assassination attempts, and he remained the leader of the Communist Party and Premier of the Soviet Union until his death from a stroke in 1924.Full Answer >
The Russian Revolution began with the February Revolution in March 1917, when hungry protesters and industrial workers rioted in St. Petersburg. However, the roots of the Russian Revolution stemmed from a lack of faith in the czar. A struggling economy, the disastrous results of Russia's involvement in World War I against Germany and the dissolution of the Russian parliament caused moderates and radicals alike to call for Nicholas II's abdication.Full Answer >
The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.Full Answer >
The fall of the Russian monarchy to the Bolsheviks near the end of World War I prompted the Red Scare in the United States and other parts of the world. The idea that the lower classes could rise up and overthrow the government put fear into the minds of middle class and the institutions in power at the time.Full Answer >