Russia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan and Armenia comprise the Commonwealth of Independent States, or CIS, as of 2014. Turkmenistan and Ukraine are both unofficial members of the organization. Georgia was a member of the CIS but left the group in 2008.Continue Reading
The Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, creating 12 different countries. Seeking to promote cooperation among former members of the Soviet Union, the CIS alliance began in December of 1991. The CIS helps to coordinate trade, defense, finance and governance among the member states. The dissolution of the Soviet Union and the adoption of the CIS by the newly independent countries marked the end of the Cold War. Additionally, some members of the CIS have also established supplemental alliances. For example, Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan created the Eurasian Economic Community to foster better trade among the three countries in 1996.
Many CIS members purchase natural gas and oil from Russia, which has vast reserves of both energy sources. This is a contentious issue for many of the member states, as the prices for these commodities are set in Russia.
Russia is the most populous of the CIS members and has the highest gross domestic product. However, Georgia, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Moldova and Turkmenistan all have higher growth rates than Russia.Learn more about Russia
Eastern Europe includes the countries of Russia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo and Macedonia. These countries are commonly grouped into the subregions of Eastern Europe, East Central Europe, the Baltics and the Balkans.Full Answer >
The 13 countries considered to be official Slavic states include the Czech Republic, Bosnia, Serbia, Poland, Slovakia, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia and Montenegro.Full Answer >
The Ural Mountains are about 1,500 miles long and run from north to south, from near the Aral Sea to the Arctic Ocean, passing through Russia and Kazakhstan. They have traditionally been used on maps as the boundary between Europe and Asia although they may not be a completely accurate boundary mark.Full Answer >
The map of Europe includes Russia, alongside other countries such as Albania and Georgia. Russia extends across Northern Asia, but a large part of Russia is in Eastern Europe. Russia borders countries such as Norway, Poland, Ukraine, Finland and Lithuania.Full Answer >