England is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. England's southwest and northwest borders are the Celtic and Irish seas, respectively.
England is bordered to the east by the North Sea, and the English Channel is to the south, separating the country from the rest of Europe. England also consists of more than 100 islands, in addition to the main part of the country where famous cities like London and Winchester are located. England has no shortage of water, including tidal rivers and lakes, and is known for its year-round rainy weather. The country has played an important part in the world 's history and development.