Most of Egypt is located within the continent of Africa. The Sinai Peninsula of Egypt is part of the continent of Asia. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya and Sudan. The Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea also border Egypt.
Egypt is the 30th largest country in the world with a total area of 387,048 square miles. It has a desert climate with dry, hot summers and comfortable winters. Egypt has a population of 93.4 million. Most of the population resides along the Nile Valley, meaning that about 99 percent of the population uses less than 6 percent of the total area. The bulk of Egypt's geography is an expansive desert plateau.